舞台を支える人たち

The individuals who support the stage

多くの助けによって成り立つ地歌舞伎

舞台は役者だけでは成り立ちません。
舞台を設営する大道具、役者に芸を教える振付師、役者を飾りたてる顔師に床山、衣裳方、そして芝居を盛り上げる太夫、三味線、狂言方、御簾内、そして役者の家族や友人など、多くの人の助けによって地歌舞伎は支えられています。

 

The stage doesn't consist merely of actors. Ji-kabuki is supported by the work of many other individuals including stage set constructors, stage directors, makeup artists, hairdressers, costume directors, tayū chanters, shamisen players, stage assistants, geza musicians, and the families and friends of the actors on stage.

大道具方Stage set constructors

舞台で所蔵する大道具を駆使し、瞬時に組み立てる技術集団。短時間でのセットの組み替えは、力だけでなく頭も使う仕事。

This group assembles and reassembles the sets central to every ji-kabuki performance, often within a very short span of time. A job that requires brains in addition to strength.

 

振付師Stage director

芝居の振付を教え、本番での舞台を支えるディレクター。キを打ち、舞台端で小道具の受け渡しや役者が演じやすいように舞台上で小道具を出し入れしたり、台詞を忘れた役者のカンペ役をしたりと、当日はかなり忙しい。

The director teaches each play's choreography and busily supports performances by striking the ki wooden clappers, handing actors small props, and providing lines to actors who forget them.


下座(囃子=おはやし)Geza (Hayashi)

下手の御簾の内で長唄・太鼓・鉦 (かね)などを演奏する。

The accompanying musicians who play behind a bamboo curtain at stage left, consisting of nagauta shamisen, taiko drums, bells, and other sound effects.

床山Hairdresser

所蔵する鬘を役と役者に合せ結い直したりする。鬘の保管も大切な役割。

Outfits actors with wigs, and performs the important job of wig care and management.


附け打ちTsukeuchi

役者の動きに合わせ附け(効果音)を打ち、演技を引き立たせるスペシャリスト。

The individual who strikes the tsuke wooden clappers, and a specialist in making performances look better.

顔師Makeup Artist

決まりごとの多い歌舞伎の化粧を駆使し短時間で役者を創るアーティスト。1人で1日50人超の顔を描くことも。

Applies standard kabuki makeup to actors, often in a short period of time. One artist can makeup over 50 actors at a single performance.


太夫(たゆう)・三味線弾きTayū Chanter and Shamisen Player

舞台上手(右側)で、舞台音楽を担当。登場人物それぞれの性格や気質により義太夫節、三味線の弾き方も変わる。

The Tayu and Shamisen are positioned in the right side of the stage and provide narration and music for the play.

衣装方(着付け方)Costume Directors

所蔵する衣裳を的確に選別し、役者の役や背格好に合わせて着付ける技を持つ技術者。

These individuals choose exactly the right costumes for each role and fit them to each actor.


事務方Office Personnel

役者の家族や友人たちも、地歌舞伎を支える大切な人員。

An important job, often fulfilled by the family and friends of ji-kabuki actors.

役者Actors

出演する役者たちも、準備を手伝う。公演日でも出演前後は裏方をやる人も。

Actors also help out with performance preparations. Many actors also help out as stage assistants on the day of performance.