用語解説

Explanation of Jikabuki words

costume, make-up, wigs

Kumadori

Kumadori is a special types of makeup worn by Kabuki actors.

 

Crimson means the role of the hero and indigo means the role of the villain.

 

 

■Anahina-guma

Asahina’s make-up. Kumadori of a comical characters.

stage mechanisms, stage set

 

■Agemaku

 

Curtain at end of hanamichi

 

■Kakiwari

 

Back ground picture

 

■Kamite

Stage left

 

Kuromisu

Black rattan blind screening off room for offstage musicians

 

■Shimote

 

Stage right

 

■Joushiki-maku

 

Curtain. The color of the traditional kabuki curtain is orange, black, and green.

 

■Suppon

 

A trapdoor in the hanamichi walkway used for actor appearances and exits.

 

■Seri

 

A trapdoor in the middle of the stage used for the appearance of actors and props.

 

■Tayu-dai

 

The pedestal on which the Tayū chanter and shamisen player sit. There are also pedestals which rotate for the chanter and shamisen player's first appearance.

 

■Toyaguchi

 

The hanamichi entrance located at the back of the audience seating, used for actor appearances and exits.

 

■Hanamichi

 

A walkway extending from the stage into the audience seating. The hanamichi at stage right is known as the hon-hanamichi, and the hanamichi at stage left is known as the kari-hanamichi. At many theaters which lack a kari-hanamichi, a temporary one is built for performances.

 

■Mawari-butai

 

A revolving stage that allows for quick set changes.

property-man

■Kao-shi

 

Applies standard kabuki makeup to actors, often in a short period of time.

■Kuroko

 

 

The person wearing a black clothes who helps the actors 

■Tokoyama

Outfits actors with wigs, and performs the important job of wig care and management.

 

■Furitsuke-shi

 

The director teaches each play's choreography and busily supports performances by striking the ki wooden clappers, handing actors small props, and providing lines to actors who forget them.

 

sound, instruments, sound crew

Ki

Ki are a pair of wooden sticks that are struck together to make sound.The ki sound marks the progress of a play, for example letting the audience know that the play is about to commence or that a new scene is starting. The ki sound is typically expressed by “chon-chon” in speech.

■Gidayuu

 

 

The person provide narration and music for the playThe Tayu narrates the story, much like the lead singer in a band.

■Shamisen

 

 

The person playing the shamisen(a three-stringed musical instrument).

■Tsukeuchi

 

Tsukeuchi sound effects are made in time with the movement of the actor on the stage.

direction, role

 

■Onnagata

 

Female role specialist

 

■Bukkaeri

A production technique where a character comes out to reveal his or her true self.

 

A special thread sewn through each shoulder of the costume is pulled out to have the outer garment turned over and hung down, making the previously concealed inner garment visibe.

■Mie

 

A pose striked by an actor

others

■O-mukou

■Kabuki

■kabesu

■Sajiki

Audience gallery seating with wooden flooring.